How to start a restaurant business in Nigeria

Start a Succesful Restaurant Business in Nigeria in (9) Easy Steps

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Starting a restaurant, buka, or mama put business is an exhilarating journey that demands careful planning and wise decision-making. 

In Nigeria, our love for delicious meals makes the food industry thrive. Like me, I explore various cuisines in Lagos each weekend, craving new and delightful experiences. 

Before you embark on your own restaurant venture, it’s essential to understand the unique challenges and opportunities awaiting you.

Building something from scratch is never easy, but take solace in the success stories of companies like Crunchies, Kilimanjaro, and Genesis. 

For one, you can start a restaurant business in Nigeria with only N50k and grow that money to more than N200k.

I understand the importance of running a restaurant business because I grew up in eastern Nigeria, where my mother owned a restaurant. 

When it comes to this area, there are four key factors that ensure your success:

  • Location: The position of your shop determines what you can sell and how you can sell it. If you set up your restaurant where people have money, you can easily prepare a meal and sell it for N1000.
  • Food Taste: Nigerians truly appreciate delicious meals. If your food tastes amazing, you have a great advantage because Nigerians love good food.
  • Cleanliness: Keeping your restaurant clean is crucial. It attracts more people to eat at your place. When your environment is hygienic, customers feel comfortable and are more likely to visit again.
  • Customer Treatment: How you treat your customers matters a lot. It determines if they will come back and bring their friends after their first experience. Providing excellent customer service is key to building loyalty.

In this article, I will share 15 secrets that will help you establish a successful restaurant business in Nigeria. 

These tips have been tested and proven to deliver exceptional results. Let’s dive in.

How Profitable is Restaurant Business in Nigeria?

Restaurant Business in Nigeria

The restaurant business in Nigeria is a great way to make money. It is a lucrative business as Nigerians love tasty food and eating out, so there’s always a demand for restaurants. 

In the morning, many people go to restaurants for breakfast because it saves time. During lunchtime, more people eat at restaurants. 

And on weekends, lots of people go out, so having a restaurant that meets their needs can make you lots of money. 

But running a successful restaurant takes careful planning, hard work, and knowing what people like. You need to offer unique experiences, serve delicious food, and make customers feel special. 

While it can be tough, if you work hard and make people happy, you can make a lot of profit for sure.

Related Post: 14 Profitable Businesses You Can Start With 70K in Nigeria

How Much Do I Need to Start a Restaurant Business in Nigeria

To start a buka or restaurant business in Nigeria, you will typically need a minimum of approximately ₦500,000 to ₦3,000,000 or more.

This amount includes expenses for location rental, kitchen equipment, utensils, licenses, and permits, initial ingredients and supplies, staffing, and marketing.

Keep in mind that these figures are estimates and can vary based on factors such as location, size, and specific requirements of your restaurant business.

Related Content: How To Make 3000 Naira Daily In Nigeria

Equipment Needed to Start a Restaurant in Nigeria

Here are 15 essential equipment items commonly needed for a buka or restaurant business in Nigeria:

  • Gas Cookers or Stoves
  • Deep Fryer
  • Griddle or Flat Top Grill
  • Commercial Blender
  • Refrigerator or Freezer
  • Food Warmer or Bain-Marie
  • Food Processor
  • Commercial Oven:
  • Commercial Microwave
  • Industrial Mixer
  • Stainless Steel Prep Tables
  • Utensils and Cutlery Including pots, pans, knives, spoons, and tongs.
  • Commercial Sinks: Used for dishwashing, handwashing, and food preparation.
  • Food Storage Containers
  • Cash Register or Point-of-Sale System
  • Table
  • Chairs

These equipment items form the core of a buka or restaurant business.

Electronics Needed for Restaurant Business in Nigeria

  • Pos system
  • Air conditioners
  • Sound system
  • Television 
  • Generators
  • Fans

How to Start a Buka or Restaurant Business in Nigeria

Restaurant Business in Nigeria

1. Learn How to Cook

The first step in this business is to learn how to cook the dishes you plan to sell. Learning how to cook will save you from unnecessary difficulties.

If you lack confidence in your cooking skills, consider hiring someone who is experienced in cooking.

Hiring someone is expensive, but you can reduce costs by hiring someone you know well, such as a friend or a family member..

When hiring, choose someone you can communicate with. They should understand your vision and what you aim to achieve.

It’s crucial to ensure that the person you hire knows how to cook the dishes you plan to sell.

As mentioned earlier, finding a good location for your business and serving delicious meals are key factors for success in the restaurant industry in Nigeria.

Maintain high cooking standards in your establishment once you open. Consistency is vital.

After a few months of running your business, develop a backup plan in case your main cook is unable to work. Having a plan B will help you stay in business when faced with unexpected setbacks.

2. Conduct Market Research

Before you start your restaurant business, it’s important to do thorough market research. This will help you understand what people like to eat, the times they prefer to eat, and the days they tend to dine out.

Begin by studying the preferences, dining habits, and spending capacity of your potential customers. Learn about their tastes, dietary preferences, and popular cuisines in your target market.

It’s also beneficial to visit similar restaurants in your area and observe their operations. Take note of their menus and observe how their customers behave. 

This first-hand experience will give you valuable insights and help you identify unique selling points for your own restaurant.

You can learn more on 10 Best Tips for Conducting Market Research in Nigeria

3. Define Your Restaurant Concept

To stand out in a competitive market, it is crucial to develop a unique restaurant concept. 

Think about the type of meal you want to offer, the ambiance, and the overall dining experience you want to create for your customers. 

Consider factors such as target audience, location, and market demand when defining your concept.

  • Are you aiming for a casual dining experience or an upscale restaurant? 
  • Will you specialize in a specific cuisine or offer a diverse menu? 
  • Will your restaurant be a place where workers come to eat in the morning, or where lovers come to dine in the evening?

Clearly defining your concept will help you create a cohesive brand identity and attract your target customers.

Garri and soup

4. Choose an Ideal Location

When choosing a location for your restaurant, think about your customers and look for areas where many people pass by, like busy streets or marketplaces. 

It’s also good to be close to residential and commercial areas, so people can easily reach you.

Check if there’s enough parking space for customers who come with cars. Also, see how many other restaurants are around. 

If there are already many, you will face tough competition. But if there’s a gap in the market, you have a chance to stand out.

Consider the vibe of the neighborhood too. Is it a place where people live, or is it more of a business area where people work and visit regularly?

Don’t forget to think about the cost. Make sure the rent or purchase price fits your budget and matches what you expect to earn from the restaurant.

Finally, check the rules and regulations for that area. Ensure that the location is allowed for a restaurant business according to local laws.

Read How to Find a good location for your business in Nigeria

5. Secure Funding

Securing enough money is one of the main challenges when starting a restaurant business. First, look at your own finances and figure out how much capital you need to begin. 

When you are starting for the first time, it is always proper to use the money you have at hand. This will help you get the experience needed for bigger things.

When you have understood the mode of business, you can consider getting a loan from a bank or partnering with investors.

Next, create a detailed business plan that includes your financial projections. 

This plan should cover expenses like equipment, rental, marketing, and the money you need for day-to-day operations. 

6. Register Your Business

To operate your restaurant business legally in Nigeria, you must follow some important steps:

  • Register your business name at the Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC). This means choosing a unique name for your restaurant and getting a Certificate of Incorporation.
  • Register with the Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) for taxes. You need a Tax Identification Number (TIN) to fulfill your tax obligations.
  • It’s crucial to meet all the legal requirements and keep proper documentation for your business. 

This includes keeping records of your financial transactions, licenses, permits, and other necessary documents.

  • It’s a good idea to consult with a legal expert who can guide you through the registration process and help you comply with all the laws and regulations.

By registering your restaurant business and following the legal requirements, you can operate smoothly and without worries in Nigeria.

You can also learn more at How to Register Your Business With CAC Online ( Ultimate Guide)

7. Set Competitive Pricing

Setting the right prices for your menu items is very important for the success of your restaurant business. 

Here’s what you need to keep in mind:

Consider all the costs involved: Think about the cost of ingredients, how much you pay your staff, other expenses like rent and utilities, and the profit you want to make.

Research the prices of similar restaurants: Look at what other restaurants in your area are charging for similar dishes. This will help you stay competitive.

Value for money: Remember that customers expect good value for the price they pay. Make sure your ingredients are of high quality, portion sizes are generous, and the overall dining experience is enjoyable.

Regularly review and adjust prices: Keep an eye on market trends, changes in costs, and feedback from customers. If necessary, make adjustments to your prices to ensure they remain fair and profitable.

8. Create a Marketing Strategy For Success and Profit

To get more customers and let people know about your restaurant, you need a good marketing plan. Here are some simple steps to follow:

  • Build an online presence: Create a nice website that shows off your restaurant, menu, and contact details. 

Make sure your website shows up on search engines by using keywords like “restaurant in Nigeria” and “Nigerian cuisine.” Use great pictures, interesting content, and easy ways for people to book or order online.

  • Use social media: Connect with potential customers on platforms like Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter. 

Share yummy food pictures, talk about special offers or events, and chat with your followers. Ask customers to write reviews and share their experiences to attract more people.

  • Advertise locally: Think about ways to reach people in your area. You can advertise in newspapers, on the radio, or even on local TV channels. 

Get your restaurant listed in local directories, food magazines, or community newsletters to let people know you’re there.

  • Work with influencers: Team up with popular food bloggers, social media influencers, or local celebrities. Give them a free meal or a special experience at your restaurant in exchange for them talking about it on social media or writing reviews.

By following these steps, you can get more customers and make your restaurant known to people all around Nigeria.

9. Provide Outstanding Customer Service

How to start a Restaurant Business in Nigeria

Delivering exceptional customer service should be at the top of your list when running a restaurant. 

It’s important to create an inviting and friendly environment where customers feel valued and appreciated. Here are some helpful tips:

  • Personalized interactions: Encourage your staff to engage with customers on a personal level. If possible, greet them by name and ask about their preferences or any special occasions they may be celebrating.
  • Prompt and attentive service: Make sure your waitstaff is attentive to customers’ needs. Keep an eye on drink refills, promptly clear plates, and provide timely assistance. Minimize wait times and prioritize efficient service.
  • Resolve issues quickly: If a customer has a complaint or concern, address it promptly and courteously. Actively listen to their feedback, apologize if necessary, and offer appropriate solutions or compensation to ensure their satisfaction.
  • Collect feedback: Regularly seek feedback from customers through comment cards, online surveys, or direct conversations. Use this feedback to identify areas for improvement and make necessary adjustments to enhance the overall customer experience.

Remember, positive word-of-mouth recommendations can greatly impact the success of your restaurant. 


What Are Some Common Challenges When Starting a Restaurant Business in Nigeria?

Restaurant Business in Nigeria

Firstly, securing funding can be difficult due to the limited availability of investors and stringent loan requirements. 

Secondly, navigating the regulatory landscape can be complex and time-consuming, involving obtaining permits, and meeting health standards. 

Lastly, competing in the saturated food industry requires careful planning to differentiate oneself from existing restaurants and attract customers. 

Despite these challenges, with determination, proper planning, and a focus on customer satisfaction, aspiring you can overcome these obstacles and establish a thriving business.

How Long Does It Take To Start a Restaurant Business in Nigeria?

Starting a restaurant business in Nigeria can take several months to a year or more, depending on various factors. 

The process includes planning and concept development, business registration, finding a suitable location, obtaining licenses and permits, hiring and training staff, procuring equipment and supplies, and conducting pre-opening preparations. 

Each stage has its own timeline, ranging from a few weeks to several months, and the overall duration is influenced by factors such as decision-making, documentation, legal requirements, availability of resources, and unforeseen delays.

Do I Need a Professional Chef to Start a Restaurant?

No, you do not necessarily need a professional chef to start a restaurant. While having a skilled chef can greatly enhance your restaurant’s offerings and reputation, it is not a mandatory requirement. 

As the owner, you can either hire a professional chef or manage the kitchen yourself if you have the necessary culinary skills. 

However, ensuring the quality of your food and having a solid menu is crucial for the success of your restaurant, regardless of who prepares the dishes.

Is It Necessary to Offer Online Ordering or Delivery Services?

While not mandatory, offering online ordering and delivery services can greatly benefit your restaurant in Nigeria. 

These services make it convenient for customers to place orders from their homes or offices, expanding your customer base and potentially increasing revenue. 

By embracing online ordering and delivery, you can attract new customers and improve customer satisfaction. 

However, the decision to offer these services should consider factors such as your target market, location, available resources, and overall business strategy.


Starting a restaurant business in Nigeria requires careful planning, attention to detail, and a deep understanding of the local food industry. 

By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can set yourself up for success.

Remember to conduct thorough market research, develop a solid business plan, secure funding, and comply with legal requirements. 

Focus on providing exceptional food, outstanding customer service, and a welcoming atmosphere to attract and retain loyal customers.

Starting a restaurant business is undoubtedly challenging, but with passion, perseverance, and the right strategies, you can turn your culinary dreams into a thriving reality.

Some helpful blog posts that you may enjoy about starting a business in Nigeria:

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